Purchasing a hard drive (HDD) is an important buying decision. Thatâ€™s because all your data is saved on it. If you buy a low quality hard drive it may crash on you and youâ€™ll lose all of your digital data. In the end, though, hard drives are all about capacity. And, far more often than not, your biggest hard drives are the costliest. However, once the new models hit the market you will be able to purchase the earlier generation models for less cash. Additionally, the higher-performance (7200 and 10,000-rpm) drives are usually pricier than the more pedestrian (5400-rpm) drives at the same capacity.
Choosing a Top-Notch Hard DriveÂ·
Bigger is Better
Itâ€™s generally a smart move to purchase the biggest hard drive capacity your budget will bear, even if you wonâ€™t need all that drive space right away. Of course, larger hard drives cost more than smaller ones, but the cost per GB doesnâ€™t work out byte for byte. For example, the difference in cost between a 120GB and an 140GB HDD isnâ€™t much, but a huge HDD could cost quite a bit more. Hard drives are able to handle larger amounts of data all the time. And itâ€™s a good thing, because programs are becoming more complex and graphics-intensive. You can now hold an amazing 750GB of data on a single drive â€“ although you must partition your hard drive depending on which version of windows you are using. For those of you who hoard vast amounts of digital media or edit videos this ever-burgeoning hard drive capacity is a gift from cyber heaven. The proliferation of extra-large hard drives takes away some of the mystery out of HDD shopping. However, determining what size hard drive you need is a subjective matter. It really depends on how much data you need to store. Some folks can get by with 60GB on a desktop; others prefer the huge hard drives ranging from 250Gb all the way to 500GB or more. Size requirements, of course, differ for notebook computers. Before you get too involved in the GB numbers, though, you will need to check your motherboardâ€™s manual or with your computer manufacturer to see how big a hard drive your PC can support. We recommend that you start off with at least an 100GB hard drive.
The Need for Speed
The speed of a hard drive is expressed in revolutions per minute (RPM) and it refers to how fast the computer can read data from the hard drive. We recommend that your hard drive moves at a clip of at least 7200 RPM. At less than 7200RPM your data-intensive applications, such as games, might slow down because it takes too long access the data.
You need at least 7200 RPM for fast data read and write speed. High RPM is especially critical if you use your computer for multimedia or video applications. Faster RPM doesnâ€™t make much difference for word processing or surfing the Net.
Interface speed is measured in ATA/100, ATA/133, SATA 1.5 and SATA 3.0. There isnâ€™t much noticeable difference between the ATA/100 and ATA/133. You will notice a significant difference in read and write performance using a SATA drive. They transfer rates range from 1.5GB to 3.0GB per second. To get the maximum performance from your hard drive, its interface speed must match the interface speed of your PC. If not, you must install an interface card that matches the speed of the new drive.
Average seek speed is how fast your drive can find a particular piece of data. This should not be a huge factor in your hard drive buying decision unless you need to copy large folders full of many small files, which makes it necessary for your PC to assemble small, scattered bits of data. To keep your hard drive access speeds as fast as they can be, make sure you run a scan disk at least once a month.
The buffer is a memory cache on the drive. This cache is a repository for the temporary storage of data awaiting the next likely request of your computerâ€™s CPU. Because random-access-memory (RAM) is much faster than mechanical rotating storage, the buffer can speed up performance. Most new desktop hard drives have buffers of at least 2MB, which is perfectly acceptable for most uses.
RAID!! What is it? Do You Need it?
In case you are interested, RAID stands for Redundant Array of Independent Disks. Simply stated, RAID allows you to use more than one hard drive to ratchet up your disk speed or retain a backup of your data in case a drive fails. In either circumstance, you will need more than one identical drives, and itâ€™s not particularly easy to configure them. More and more systems use RAID 0, which can markedly increase system speeds for reading and writing data. If you want to go for RAID you will need to choose a couple of drives that match the storage capacity youâ€™re looking for. Now that you can purchase 120GB hard drives for less than $100, you can easily go for the RAID advantage. Making this decision easier is the fact that most new motherboards support Redundant Array of Independent Disks.
Hard Drive Interface?
Serial ATA, known as SATA is definitely the way to go if you are building your own PC from the ground up. Even the most inexpensive motherboards support SATA, and if you go with a SATA drive your PC system will be easier to set up. Plus, youâ€™ll have a much easier time moving your drive to a future PC. Now if you want to boost the storage capacity of an older PC, choosing SATA is not such a simple proposition. In order to use a SATA drive youâ€™re going to have to add a SATA controller card, which can be costly. However, many of the new SATA controller cards have built-in options to add RAID support to your system. If youâ€™re a video editor or the kind of person who stores tons of digital data, it just might be worth your while. In the alternative, itâ€™s a wise choice to simply add a second parallel ATA drive. Some manufacturers are adding new wrinkles to SATA technology to enhance hard drive performance. For example, Seagateâ€™s Native Command Queuing (NCQ), which requires a native Serial ATA drive, accompanies one of its 160GB hard drives, improves performance by packing good aerial density, meaning it has more data than ordinary into a small space. NCQ allows the drive to master multiple outstanding commands simultaneously and utilizes an internal queue that can store up to 32 commands at once to allow the drive to quickly reorganize the commands so they can be written and read more efficiently. This particular Seagate drive with NCQ also uses 8MB of cache to help overall performance by caching sequential data hits.
Moving Your Data to Another Drive
When it comes time to add a new hard drive to your older PC, the new addition will almost always be faster than your existing drive. However, if all you do is install the new drive on your PC, youâ€™re going to maroon your operating system on the slower drive. In committing such an act of abandonment, you will forfeit some of the benefits of upgrading. So, make sure you use the newer, speedier hard drive as your boot drive. Hard-drive upgrade kits generally include software that will clone your existing drive to the new one, thus turning your faster drive into your boot drive. Once youâ€™ve installed your new hard drive, you can make your original hard drive your secondary drive. Additional benefits of making your new hard drive your bootable hard drive are the features of Microsoft Windows Vista.